Tunisia trip planner

French is less apt to be understood in the far south. English and German are also spoken in major cities. Islam emanated from what is today Saudi Arabia. The Prophet Muhammad is seen as the last of God? He was distinguished with bringing a message for the whole of mankind, rather than just to a certain peoples. The Quran and the actions of the Prophet the Sunnah are used as the basis for all guidance in the religion. Among certain obligations for Muslims are to pray five times a day – at dawn, noon, afternoon, sunset, and evening.

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History of the Jews under Muslim rule With the Arab conquest and the arrival of Islam in Tunisia in the eighth century, the ” People of the Book ” including Jews and Christians were given a choice between conversion to Islam which some Jewish Berbers have done and submission to the dhimma. The Dhimma is a pact of protection allowing the non-Muslims to practice their worship, to administer according to their laws and have their property and lives saved in return for the payment of the jizya , capitation tax levied on the free men, The wearing of distinctive clothing and the lack of construction of new places of worship.

Moreover, dhimmis couldn’t marry Muslim women — the reverse was possible if the Jewish wife converted and proselytized. They must also treat Muslims and Islam with respect and humility. Any violation of this pact resulted in expulsion or even death.

A large island, approximately 20 by 20 kilometers, Djerba lies just off the northeastern coast of Africa, in southeastern Tunisia, near the Libyan border. Set on the Gulf of Gabes, the island is known for an eclectic population of residents and tourists, splendid beaches and picturesque villages.

Environmental crimes run rampant in Tunisia Climate change, illicit dumping, and a two year drought are gravely affecting Tunisia’s landscape. Closer to the Libyan capital Tripoli than Tunis, the bled a’tsh, or “thirstlands”, is a lawless place in this post-revolution land. Many lawless zones, also known as ” black spots “, exist in Tunisia. In Tunisia’s arid south, poachers prey on endangered species nominally protected under Tunisian and international law, according to the Bonn Convention of Migratory Species.

Poachers, for example, target the houbara bustard, which like the rhino horn in China, is used to treat male impotency. Sparing no expense in powerful Toyota trucks with hi-tech gear and big guns, Saudi hunters come to Gaddafi-style hunting camps outside of Tataouine. Similar hunting tourism in Pakistan has sparked environmental outcry – and diplomatic rows.

But in Tunisia, government agents charged with policing poachers are unarmed and underfunded.

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In June , Seifeddine Rezgui walked through what was the Imperial Marhaba Hotel, systematically shooting dead holidaymakers in a massacre that was the deadliest terrorist attack on British citizens since the London Tube bombings in A plaque remembers the victims of the attack on the beach Credit: Getty On Friday, workers were still fixing small jobs in the hotel which employs nearly people.

All staff at the hotel managed to retain their jobs Credit: Getty All hotel staff members managed to keep their jobs following the massacre and subsequent rebranding. A plaque stands in memorial to the 38 victims on the beach in front of the hotel and, last June, on the first anniversary of the mass killing, a memorial ceremony attended by emotional hotel workers was held here.

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Openness to Foreign Investment Return to top The Tunisian Government actively encourages and places a priority on attracting foreign direct investment FDI in key industry sectors, such as call centers, electronics, automotive parts and textile manufacturing. The Government encourages export-oriented FDI, screening potential FDI to minimize the impact of the investment on domestic competitors and employment.

It covers investment in all major sectors of economic activity except mining, energy, the financial sector and domestic trade. The Tunisian Investment Code divides potential investments into two categories: Offshore, in which foreign capital accounts for at least 66 percent of equity and at least 80 percent of production is destined for the export market, and On-shore, in which foreign equity is limited to 49 percent in most non-industrial projects.

On-shore industrial investment can have up to percent foreign equity. The legislation contains two major hurdles for potential FDI: Foreign investors are denied national treatment in the agriculture sector. Foreign ownership of agricultural land is prohibited, although land can be secured through long-term up to 40 years lease. However, the Government actively promotes foreign investment in agricultural export projects. For onshore companies outside the tourism sector, government authorization is required if the foreign capital share exceeds 49 percent and can be difficult to obtain.

Investment in manufacturing industries, agriculture, agribusiness, public works, and certain services requires only a simple declaration of intent to invest. Other sectors can require a series of Government of Tunisia authorizations.

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History of Djerba’s Jewish community A Jewish minority has dwelled on the island continuously for more than 2, years. There is no concrete evidence that links the Jewish people in Djerba during the period of antiquity, the first evidence that historians know of come from the 11th century found in Cairo Geniza [10]. The evidence that links the Jewish people to the Island of Djerba before this time is found through Oral history and traditions still used today that are specific to the Jews of Djerba.

This community is unique in Jewish diaspora history for its unusually high percentage of Kohanim Hebrew; the Jewish priestly caste , direct patrilineal descendants of Aaron the first high priest from Mosaic times until today. During the destruction of the temple, the Kohanim member of the priestly caste of descendants of Aaron, brother of Moses [10] , who were serving the temple at the time of destruction escaped from Jerusalem and found themselves on the island of Djerba [10].

The legend says that with them, the Kohanim carried the door and some stones from the Temple in Jerusalem which they then incorporated into the “marvelous synagogue”, also known as Ghirba , which still stands in Djerba [10].

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Tunisian coastal elites fear and misunderstand the bitter resentment in the border communities, making it harder to secure the country from continuing terrorist threats. The violent extremist groups based in these communities feed on a deep well of disillusionment with the democratic transition and prey on the growing sense of emasculation, disempowerment, and helplessness among Tunisian youth. Studies show that the lure of violent extremist groups, such as the self-proclaimed Islamic State, has more to do with the promise of empowerment and restored dignity than with ideology or religious conviction.

Salafists of every stripe came to the fore, but it was the so-called Salafi jihadists who most took advantage of the political transition. Powered by the release of hundreds of Salafists from prison and the return of several prominent sheikhs to Tunisia from their sanctuaries in Western Europe, they began spreading their roots in the poor and marginalized areas where state authority was lacking. Abu Ayadh prioritized central control over the growth of Salafi jihadism, fearing counterproductive actions might hurt the movement.

The tougher approach prompted the Salafi jihadists to shift their focus away from aggressive, sometimes violent, proselytizing to directly challenging state authority and attacking its key institutions. By doing so, the Salafi jihadists hoped to weaken the credibility of the state security forces by proving to disgruntled Tunisians that their government was unable to stop the Salafi-jihadi attacks. This attrition strategy escalated in , with a vicious cycle of provocation, retaliation, and repression.

In the midst of this escalating war between the state and AST, small and violent militant groups connected to al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb AQIM were upping the ante in the western regions bordering Algeria. They did this especially in the most disenfranchised neighborhoods and regions of the country. The defeat of AST accelerated the fragmentation of the Tunisian militant landscape. This left behind an ideological void and a large, disgruntled constituency, whose members either went dormant, operated underground by integrating smuggling networks and building social linkages in Ben Guerdane close to the border with Libya, or joined the Syrian or Libyan theaters of war.

The Geographic Trajectory of Conflict and Militancy in Tunisia

Its largest city is Houmt-Souk , with a population of around 65, The island is a popular tourist destination, particularly with French, German and Italian tourists, and is known for its beautiful beaches and dramatic sunsets. It is one of the few remaining places in Tunisia where a Berber language is still spoken. Another factor drawing some tourists to Djerba is the location of the Mos Eisley exterior scenes in the first Star Wars movie , filmed in the town of Ajim.

Djerba is noted as a center of the Islamic sect Al-Ibadhiyah and is also noted for its Jewish minority, which has dwelt on the island for more than 2, years, although the Jewish population has declined due to emigration to Israel and France since Most of the Djerba Jews are Cohanim , descendants of the priestly caste in Judaism, and have maintained this identity for centuries.

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A ghost town now, Cody was home to people and a thriving mining center in the s, thanks to mines like the Noble Five and the Slocan Sovereign. It was forced to close in the late ’90s after a steady decline in the number of guests. The hotel has been abandoned since due to the First Liberian Civil War. Closed since due to the town’s economic decline, the sprawling property hosted , guests in its heyday in the ’60s.

Once made famous by novelist Ernest Hemingway — who reportedly caught a pound kg marlin – the village has also played host to other glamorous names like Paul Newman, Gregory Peck and Marilyn Monroe. Tucked away into a remote and mountainous part of the country, the hotel is a reminder of Georgia’s Soviet past. Dating back to , the building is notable for its Haussmann-style design and welcomed its last guests in According to the France Bleu radio network, it was sold at auction in Jan.

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Speaking on the last day of the pilgrimage to the Ghriba synagogue, Mohamed Zine El-Abidine said the island was important for its “cultural and religious uniqueness”. He said the application to add Djerba to the World Heritage List would highlight the rich religious heritage of the island, which is home to centuries-old mosques, churches and synagogues.

He did not give a specific time frame for the application. A French Jewish woman carries a carton of eggs with her family’s wishes written on them at the Ghriba synagogue on the Tunisian island of Djerba on May 14, The cultural agency of the United Nations already lists eight sites in the North African country, including the old cities of Tunis and Sousse and the city of Carthage, once the capital of the Mediterranean-wide Phoenician empire.

Watch video · DJERBA, Tunisia—By the hundreds, they gathered for a pre-wedding party on a resort island in Tunisia. Here, in the heart of the Muslim world, the crowds were speaking Arabic.

History[ edit ] Legend has it that Djerba was the island of the lotus-eaters [3] where Odysseus was stranded on his voyage through the Mediterranean. Tradition of the Djerba Jewish minority tells that in the year BCE, some of the Israelite temple priests who were able to escape the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple there, they settled in Djerba; an unusually high percentage Jews of the island to this day maintain a family status of the priestly caste and a genetic link has been confirmed by DNA testing.

Another city, on the southeast coast of the island at Meninx , was a major producer of priceless murex dye, and is cited by Pliny the Elder as second only to Tyre in this regard. A third important town was the ancient Haribus. The island was densely inhabited in the Roman and Byzantine periods, and probably imported much of the grain consumed by its inhabitants.

The island appears on the 4th century Peutinger Map. The Christians of Sicily and Aragon disputed this claim with the Ibadites. Remains from this period include numerous small mosques dating from as early as the twelfth century, as well as two substantial forts. The island was controlled twice by the Norman Kingdom of Sicily:

Will Tunisia ever be the same again?

Latest From The Blog Revolution in Tunisia may have been overdue but when it came it was relatively peaceful as has been the transition to a democracy meaning that the tourism industry in the country is stronger than ever, the coverage having possibly even highlighted Tunisia to potential tourists as a beautiful and progressive nation with a long and fascinating history.

Tourism in the country is well developed and people welcoming, even in smaller towns and villages who see less visitors. Of course the beautiful, usually sandy, coastline is a major attraction but the interior of the country going down to the edges of the Sahara and the across to the Atlas mountains should also be explored by those with a sense of adventure and there is enough to keep history buffs transfixed for weeks.

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Click to playTap to play The video will start in 8Cancel Play now Get daily news updates directly to your inbox Subscribe Thank you for subscribingWe have more newsletters Show me See our privacy notice Could not subscribe, try again laterInvalid Email Tunisia’s hotels once a top tourist destination now lay abandoned after the terror attacks in The decline in tourism in Tunisia followed a spate of terror attacks in , where 71 people were killed in three incidents.

The worst of that year occurred in June, when 38 foreign tourists, including 30 British nationals, were killed in an attack on Port El Kantaoui near Sousse. Eerie footage shows hotels in Djerba, which were also hit hard by the decline in tourism. Still laid out in all their grandeur, the white lobbies and dining halls remain laden with chairs, tables and sofas for guests.

Stunning chandeliers hang from the ceilings and facilities, from a fully-equipped bar to massage tables and spa rooms, remain intact apart from a heavy coating of dust.

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Get quick updates and free destination guides. Our Youtube Channel Watch our youtube channel. We add free destination guides and travel videos regularly. Latest From The Blog Revolution in Tunisia may have been overdue but when it came it was relatively peaceful as has been the transition to a democracy meaning that the tourism industry in the country is stronger than ever, the coverage having possibly even highlighted Tunisia to potential tourists as a beautiful and progressive nation with a long and fascinating history.

Tourism in the country is well developed and people welcoming, even in smaller towns and villages who see less visitors. Of course the beautiful, usually sandy, coastline is a major attraction but the interior of the country going down to the edges of the Sahara and the across to the Atlas mountains should also be explored by those with a sense of adventure and there is enough to keep history buffs transfixed for weeks.

El Ghriba Synagogue, Djerba, Tunisia Haim F. Ghiuzeli The El Ghriba synagogue is located in the formerly Jewish village of Harah Sghira, also known as Harah Srira (the “small village”, in Arabic) (currently called Er-Riadh) on the Island of Djerba (also spelled Jerba), Tunisia.

For better readability of the table, pass into the landscape mode. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. Diving in Tunisia is generally shore-based and centered around the tourist towns of Tabarka, Cap Bon and Hammamet. There is a WWII wreck to discover off the coast of Hammamet, colourful underwater fauna in Hergla, underwater archaeological sites in Mahdia, hidden caves and colourful fish in Djerba, as well as beautiful grouper fish near Port El Kantaoui.

Tabarka – superb diving. Tunnels Reef covers m and contains approximately 20 tunnels you can swim through. Cap Bon – the northern coast and the Cap Bon, being rocky and steep, open up to deep waters. Visibility is excellent here but it is for experienced divers only. The sites are varied and rich in Mediterranean fish varieties: Hammamet – a number of wrecks, several of them dating from WW2 including German and Italian vessels.

Some still have their cargo – jeeps and motorcycles. Getting there The Algaz wreck at 65m a technical dive.

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Middle East Will Tunisia ever be the same again? Deadly Bardo museum attack has spread shock waves in country largely sheltered from unrest that hit Arab Spring nations. There is no better symbol of that than Bardo, where the national museum and parliament are located.

Houmt El Souk (Tunisian Arabic: حومة السوق ‎ Ḥūmet es Sūq), meaning literally: “The Market neighborhood”, is a commune and the main town of the island of Djerba, Tunisia. A popular tourist destination, it is best known for its traditional souk (market) and the Aghlabid orates: Medenine.

History of Djerba’s Jewish community[ edit ] A Jewish minority has dwelled on the island continuously for more than 2, years. There is no concrete evidence that links the Jewish people in Djerba during the period of antiquity, the first evidence that historians know of come from the 11th century found in Cairo Geniza [10]. The evidence that links the Jewish people to the Island of Djerba before this time is found through Oral history and traditions still used today that are specific to the Jews of Djerba.

This community is unique in Jewish diaspora history for its unusually high percentage of Kohanim Hebrew; the Jewish priestly caste , direct patrilineal descendants of Aaron the first high priest from Mosaic times until today. During the destruction of the temple, the Kohanim member of the priestly caste of descendants of Aaron, brother of Moses [10] , who were serving the temple at the time of destruction escaped from Jerusalem and found themselves on the island of Djerba [10].

The legend says that with them, the Kohanim carried the door and some stones from the Temple in Jerusalem which they then incorporated into the “marvelous synagogue”, also known as Ghirba , which still stands in Djerba [10].

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